In the fire service, a Quint is an apparatus that combines an engine with a truck – called a Quint for the five functions:
- Water tank
- Fire Hose
- Aerial Device
- Ground ladders.
Quints were first produced by American LaFrance and Seagraves in the 1930’s and 1940’s respectively
One of the benefits of a Quint that certainly looks good on paper (especially to the tax-payers) is that it can perform several functions in a single apparatus. A definite plus for small, or budget constrained, departments by having the need for less apparatuses. However, there is a downside of having less man-power as a Quint is only capable of transporting so many (I believe 4, maybe 6 crew members?). The argument being that although you have an piece of apparatus that can provide a multitude of functions, in relation to man-power you have the equivalent of either an engine company or a ladder company – Not both. One possible solution would be the use of smaller vehicles to transport the extra man-power (A thought). Some other possible disadvantages with the quint is the reduction in tank size from that of a standard pumper as well as the reduction in the height of the aerial ladder. Quints can, according to some, also be slow and cumbersome to drive.
Another multi-purpose apparatus is the “Quad” which basically does everything that the quint does with the exception of providing an aerial ladder. Also worth mention is a new(?) concept known as the “Tiller Quint”, which is a tiller truck that has the added feature of being fitted with an on-board water tank.
Join me on an A to Z Journey of firefighting tools throughout the month of April. I appreciate feedback. Please keep in mind that I am not (nor do I pretend to be) a firefighter or a member, either volunteer or paid, of the fire service. My purpose here is to pass on knowledge that I find in hopes to both bring awareness to the fire-service and to help those in the profession do their job safer and better.